Pinan Series of Kata's

Consists of five kata's. Translated as 'Peaceful Mind' It is said if you perform all of these kata's your mind will be at peace.
The Pinan kata's were composed in 1907 by Anko Itosu and are thought to have been taken as parts of Kushanku which is a much longer kata and may have been to make them easier to learn. These kata were originally intended as beginner kata's for use in Okinawan High School physical Education programmes at the start of the century. 
Sometimes known as Heian kata series as the Japanese ideograms can be read two ways.



Pinan Shodan
This is the 1st Pinan Kata but is taught second in Wado Ryu.
Required for Orange Belt (7th kyu)
Pinan Nidan
The 2nd Pinan kata but it is the first one taught.
Required for Yellow Belt (8th kyu)
Pinan Sandan
The 3rd Pinan Kata
Required for Green Belt (6th kyu)
Pinan Yodan
The 4th Pinan kata
Required for Blue Belt (5th kyu)
Pinan Godan
The 5th Pinan kata
Required for Purple Belt (4th kyu)
Kushanku
Translated as 'Sky Viewing' as the opening movement (making a circle with both hands)
This Kata was adapted and developed by Okinawan Masters, having been originally brought to Okinawa in 1762 by a Chinese envoy named Kushanku. It is the longest and most difficult of the Okinawan Kata's. 
Required for first Brown Belt (3rd kyu)
Naifanchi
Translated as 'Battle for a Narrow Place' as all movements occur in a straight line from side to side. The stance is very strong as feet are turned inwards slightly. These stances are further developed through Seishan and Chinto.
Required for second Brown Belt (2nd kyu)
Chinto
Translated as 'Fighting to the East'
Chinto was a Chinese military officer posted to Okinawa at the same time as Kushanku. Most noted for it's use of Crane stance, later seen in Rohai and Wanshu.
Required for last Brown Belt (1st kyu)
Seishan
Translated as 'Crescent Moon'
Seishan is like two kata's. The first half the body is full of dynamic tension and moves are slow and strong. Every muscle is tense and Sensei's may move around hitting your legs and body to see how strong they are.The second half is fast and fluid.
Required for last Brown Belt (1st kyu)


Bassai
Translated as 'Storming a Fortress'
This is a very strong kata. It's origins are not properly known.
Required for Black Belt (1st Dan)


Rohai
Translated as 'White Crane'
A short kata with some similar sequences to Bassai and some similarities to Wanshu.
Jion
Translated as 'Temple Sounds'
Jion is a relatively long kata although fairly simple in form. The grouping of techniques in threes that is first seen in Pinan Nidan is evident here.
Wanshu
Translated as 'Flying Swallow'
Probably brought to Okinawa in 1683 by a Chinese envoy of the same name.
Jitte
Translated as 'Ten Hands' as anybody who masters this kata will have the spirit of five men.
This is the only kata in Wado Ryu that does not have a kiai.
Niseishi
Translated as 'Twenty Four Steps'
This kata is effectively conducted in three directions to the points of a triangle.

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